Quickstart - ZYMKEY4
ZYMKEY4 is the fourth generation of the Zymbit security module designed specifically to work with Raspberry Pi. It connects to the GPIO header of the SBC and uses the I2C bus and
GPIO4 to communicate with the SBC CPU via an encrypted channel.
In this Getting Started guide we describe how to install your ZYMKEY4 to a Raspberry Pi running Raspberry PI OS or Ubuntu. The installation process is the same for both of these Linux distributions.
The ZYMKEY4 occupies 10 pins on the GPIO header. It can also be used with other GPIO devices attached, or other I2C devices attached. The correct address range and use of IO pins will be described in this guide as well.
Summary of Setup Steps
- Installing the hardware
- Install the battery on the ZYMKEY4, and connect it to the host single-board computer (SBC).
- Establish an I2C connection
- Enable the I2C bus on the host device in order to be able to communicate with the ZYMKEY4.
- Install the client software
- These utilities provided by Zymbit are necessary to interact with the hardware module.
- Test the installation
- Your ZYMKEY4 is now temporarily bound to your SBC and ready for use in developer mode.
Installing the hardware
To maintain the real-time clock (RTC) and tamper detection features in the event of power loss, install a high quality 3V
CR1025 coincell battery in the ZYMKEY4’s battery slot with
+ve facing upward.
Installing your hardware correctly is important to avoid destroying your SBC or ZYMKEY4. Be sure to follow the instructions below carefully. In particular:
- Pay close attention to the images below to ensure the SBC’s GPIO pins are properly aligned with the ZYMKEY4’s header.
- Ensure that your Raspberry Pi is powered down before proceeding.
- Ensure that the coincell battery (if installed) is installed with the positive side (marked with
+) facing upward.
Power off your Raspberry Pi to ensure that neither the SBC or the ZYMKEY4 are damaged.
Hold the ZYMKEY4 with the LED and battery holder facing upward. Then, carefully align the ZYMKEY4’s connector with the first 10 GPIO pins of the Raspberry Pi.
Press down firmly on the ZYMKEY4 to connect it to the GPIO pins of the Raspberry Pi. The ZYMKEY4 should fit relatively snug and maintain a tight interference fit around the pins.
The ZYMKEY4 occupies 10 pins on the GPIO header. If the header of the ZYMKEY4 isn’t properly aligned with the GPIO header of the Raspberry Pi, both devices could be damaged.
Using an Alternative GPIO Pin
Power on and confirm operation
After you have connected the hardware and are sure that the pins are properly aligned, power up your Raspberry Pi. You should see a blue LED blinking rapidly and consistently (5 blinks per second). This confirms that your ZYMKEY4 is operation but unconfigured.
If the blue LED blinks erractically, or not at all, then there is an installation error and you should check the connections.
Power Quality Considerations
Establish an I2C connection
For Raspian-based operating systems, you must configure the state of the I2C.
- Log in to your Raspberry Pi and run
- Navigate to
Would you like the ARM I2C interface to be enabled?
- Select yes, and confirm this choice.
Your I2C bus is now configured and ready to talk to the ZYMKEY4. The default I2C address for the ZYMKEY4 is
How do I set an alternative I2C address?
The default mode for the cpu scaling governor is ondemand. There have been some issues with the interaction between the zymkey and the I2C bus, when the governor is set to ondemand. We highly recommend to switching the governor to performance to get the most out of the zymkey.
Install the client software
Login to your host device and follow these steps to install the ZYMKEY4’s client software.
As of March 2023, Raspberry PI OS 32-bit images install the 64-bit kernel along with the 32-bit root filesystem. This does not allow our installation script to work. In order to properly install on an 32-bit system, edit
/boot/config.txt and add the following line to the bottom of the file, then reboot.
The ZYMKEY4 will require a number of packages to be installed from the Raspbian and Zymbit
apt repositories. The following setup script will be install a number of files and software packages on your system, including:
.servicefiles located in the
curl is installed on your host:
sudo apt install curl
Download and install the necessary Zymbit services onto your device.
curl -G https://s3.amazonaws.com/zk-sw-repo/install_zk_sw.sh | sudo bash
Test the installation
When the software installation has completed, reboot your device. After the reboot has completed, the Raspberry Pi will perform an operation that will temporarily bind the ZYMKEY4 to your SBC. Once the ZYMKEY4 is bound to the SBC, the ZYMKEY4’s blue LED should blink slowly–once every 3 seconds–to indicate that the binding is complete.
Binding, Device ID, and Authentication
The quickest way to get started is to see the ZYMKEY4’s various features at work by running these test scripts that were installed with the client software:
The example scripts are missing in focal and bullseye distributions. You can get the example scripts from here:
Now you’re ready to start developing with ZYMKEY4 and Raspberry Pi. When it’s time to deploy your project, read our guide on enabling Production Mode: